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Category Archive: Vulcanized Fibre

A Guide to Plastic Stamping

Plastic stamping is a manufacturing process that enables the creation of very thin parts. Typically, this process utilizes a set of dies and a punch press. The press is available in both conventional and high speed options, with varying tonnages depending on the equipment. This machinery is able to punch a shape from a non-metallic substance such as extruded plastic. Manufacturers can utilize plastic stamping to create an array of flat shapes, including gaskets and washers.

What Dies Are Used in Plastic Stamping?

CNC punching machine

Dies are highly versatile, with applications across a wide range of industries. The plastic stamping process will most commonly utilize a compound die, which consists of two separate dies. One cuts the outside diameter of the workpiece, while the other punches the interior. After the plastic stamping is complete, high pressurized air will blow away any excess material. The benefit of compound dies is that they enable all stamping to be completed in a single stroke, rather than two separate strokes.

New Process Fibre differs from many other stamping companies, as we specialize in stamping high performance non-metallic materials. We offer an array of stamping solutions, from single stroke compound dies to high-speed progressive dies. This enables us to meet the needs of every customer looking to manufacture high quality non-metallic products.

What Materials Are Considered for Plastic Stamping?

There are many advantages to choosing non-metallic materials over metal ones. Each non-metallic material boasts its own unique properties, enabling them to meet the needs of an array of applications. The materials commonly used for plastic stamping include:

  • Vulcanized fibre
  • Laminates
  • Thermoplastics

Vulcanized Fibre

This material is typically made from a combination of paper, rag, and wood pulp. It offers an excellent strength to weight ratio, and is resistant to impacts and abrasion. It also offers high flammability ratings. As such, vulcanized fibre is a popular choice in the automotive and electrical industries.

Laminates

Commonly found in industries such as petroleum, aerospace, and automotive, laminates are composed of resin. The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) grades laminates for mechanical and chemical performance properties.

Thermoplastics

nylon-6

Thermoplastics are a highly versatile option, as they may be composed of a variety of different materials. These include:

  • Polypropylene copolymer and homopolymer
  • Polyethylene HDPE & LDPE
  • Teflon
  • Acetal copolymer & Delrin homopolymer
  • Nylon 6, 66 & MDS
  • G-10 FR4 Nema Grade

Thanks to their versatility, thermoplastics are a popular choice for many consumer products.

New Process Fibre’s Custom Plastic Stamping Capabilities

For stamped parts with unconventional shapes or dimensions, the ability to design custom tooling and dies is invaluable. At New Process Fibre, our in-house tool room offers CAD/CAM and wire EDM capabilities, enabling our design engineers to create custom tooling suited to the unique specifications of every project. We are also able to stamp a wide array of non-metallic specialty materials, including:

  • Acetal & Delrin
  • Teflon
  • Nylon 6,66 & MDS
  • Vulcanized fibre
  • High and low density polyethylene
  • G-10 FR4 Nema Grade

Our range of material options and custom tooling enables us to work on projects in industries ranging from consumer goods and plumbing to aerospace, military, and automotive.

Due to the fact that we maintain ownership of the tool throughout the lifetime of the stamped part, our customers do not need to worry about maintaining or storing the tool for future use. We also provide inventory and storage for any excess production volumes, thus enabling us to provide lower overall costs.

Custom Plastic Stamping Solutions From New Process Fibre

Since 1927, New Process Fibre has been dedicated to innovation and growth. Our operation began from a desire to design a more efficient and cost-effective process for creating vulcanized fibre from cotton paper. We have continued this trend of innovation for nearly a century, performing all our manufacturing in-house to provide our customers with the highest quality non-metallic stamped parts. Our expansive array of production equipment in combination with our customization capabilities enables us to meet the needs of any project, large or small. To learn more about our plastic stamping solutions, contact us today.

Guide-to-Plastic-Stamping infographic

The Benefits & Applications of Vulcanized Fibre

What Is Vulcanized Fibre?

Vulcanized fibre is a low-pressure laminated plastic compound composed purely of cellulose. It is highly regarded for its exceptional physical, mechanical, and electrical properties.

Vulcanized fibre is one of the earliest forms of manufactured plastics, with origins dating back to the late 19th century. It is produced by the chemical reactions between wood or cotton fibres and various acids and bases. The reaction produces a slurry which is heated, pressed, and laminated to create the desired thickness.

The various beneficial properties of vulcanized fibre have made it a popular choice for numerous applications in the modern railroad, textile, welding, and sporting industries to name a few.

Key Benefits of Vulcanized Fibre

Vulcanized fibre has a highly desirable strength to weight ratio, with yield strengths exceeding most thermoplastics while possessing densities lower than aluminum. In sufficiently thin thicknesses, vulcanized fibre has a high degree of flexibility, allowing it to conform to a variety of complex shapes and curvatures. This material is also well-known for its dielectric properties, which are highly utilized in the electrical industry.

Vulcanized fibre can also be easily machined without developing splinters, rips, or cracks. Other beneficial features include:

  • Cost efficiency
  • Arc resistance
  • Excellent impact and abrasion resistance
  • Exceptional formability
  • High ductility
  • Chemically resistant and impervious to alcohol, ammonia, benzene, and most hydrocarbon-based solutions
  • L. 94HB flammability rating

Vulcanized Fibre Applications

The exceptional properties of vulcanized fibre lend themselves to a multitude of industrial applications. This material is especially valuable where an appropriate balance between strength, weight, and cost is required.

Although its usage was limited during the early years, advancements in material technology have greatly expanded the scope of vulcanized fibre applications. Some of the most common industrial uses of this material include:

  • Automotive components
  • Washers, gaskets, and custom tags
  • Electrical insulation
  • Furniture manufacturing
  • Farming tools
  • Aerospace and defense parts and components
  • Plumbing and marine components
  • Farming and agriculture

Vulcanized fibre is one of the most versatile materials available. At New Process Fibre, our technical experts will assess your application to determine the best material for you, whether it be vulcanized fibre or otherwise.

To learn more about our fibre manufacturing capabilities and solutions, contact our technical team today.

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